Why Jane Austen has been an enduring presence for two centuries

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Before there was Downton Abbey, there was Derbyshire, the county upon which stood the fine grounds of Pemberley. It's the house whose brooding, handsome master, Fitzwilliam Darcy, turned Colin Firth into an instant star, capturing the hearts of viewers around the world when BBC first aired its miniseries, Pride and Prejudice, almost a generation ago.

But before Firth, the real credit goes to Darcy’s creator, author Jane Austen, who lived and wrote more than a century before TV was ever invented.

This day, this week, marks 200 years since readers first clapped eyes on what was to become one of the most memorable first lines in English literature: “It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife.”

Thus begins the story of Darcy, that single man in possession of a good fortune, good looks, and a good deal of arrogance, and Elizabeth: smart, beautiful, headstrong, and as good as penniless. By all accounts, (for you Downton devotees out there) their love story seems as doomed as Tom Branson and Lady Sybil’s.

What unfolds instead is a romance that spans the ages and remains as captivating as anything Shakespeare put his name or pen to. In the last decade, Pride and Prejudice has spawned spin-offs as diverse as Hollywood hit Bridget Jones’ Diary, to Bollywood homage in 2004’s Bride and Prejudice, to bestselling mystery author PD James’s 2011 tribute Death Comes to Pemberly to the regrettable Pride and Prejudice and Zombies.

Why the staying power?

Maybe it has to do with the fact that even two centuries after her heroines leaped from the depths of Austen's imagination and onto paper, hair perfectly done, embroidery in hand, we still identify with them. 

After all, what could be more contemporary than Elizabeth Bennett’s take-no-crap attitude, her biting sarcasm, her moxie? Lizzy has the guts to turn down Mr. Wrong (in the form of a bumbling Mr. Collins) when Mr. Right is nowhere in the picture. And when he does show up, she makes Darcy work for her affections, holding out for love when poverty dictates she really ought to be marrying for money.

Be it 1813 or 2013, seeing the smouldering tension between two lovers who haven’t quite figured out they’re mad about each other, well that’s timeless too.

In some ways, Pride and Prejudice shows how far women have come, or haven’t.

Lizzy’s headstrong independent isn’t exactly seen as a selling point on the marriage market or at home, and she knows it, telling her sister Jane in the BBC adaptation that she’ll, "end an old maid, and teach your ten children to embroider cushions and play their instruments very ill". 

It highlights the desperate conditions of women of the 1800’s. Barred by class from earning their own income, barred by law from inheriting property, they lived an anxious, frantic existence, where a proper young lady’s full time occupation was to find a rich husband. You think the bar scene tiresome? That online dating is only for drips? Imagine your only chances at economic security and upward mobility depending solely on your success at making small talk at a few dances every year.

Fastforward 200 years. We have the vote, we have property. We have reproductive rights and laws protecting us from gender discrimination in the workplace. We build careers, and essentially live our lives the way we choose to. And yet, for those of us still single, our loved ones still seem awfully curious about when we plan to marry.

How pervasive is Jane-mania? Consider that five years ago, some 550 delegates came to Vancouver to attend a convention of the Jane Austen Society of North America. Or that this anniversary is being marked with a 12-hour Internet broadcast of fans and academics and even celebrities reading the novel in real time to millions around the world.

One wonders what the snarky rich dowager in Pride and Prejudice, Lady Catherine De Bourgh of Rosings Park, would think about Lady Violet, the Dowager countess of Grantham. I think Lady Catherine would seriously disapprove of Lady Violet’s practicality. I think Lady Violet wouldn’t care.

It’s why, when love conquers all, Lady Catherine isn’t invited to the wedding of her nephew Darcy to the lovely Elizabeth. And it’s why we continue to love Pride and Prejudice, all these 200 years later.

Shachi Kurl is the director of communications at Vision Critical. She's also a former reporter. Follow her on Twitter @shachikurl.

Comments (5) Add New Comment
Barf
“Miss Austen may be real, but she is not true.”

Emily Bronte
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K
Just to put it out there, the quote "end an old maid, and teach your ten children to embroider cushions and play their instruments very ill" which the author of this article seems to attribute to Jane Austen is not from the novel; it is from the BBC adaptation of Pride and Prejudice. If I didn't read the article properly and the reference was correctly given to the adaptation and not the original novel, I apologize. Otherwise, I'm questioning whether the author of this article has ever actually read the novel, and if they have not, then they should probably refrain from commenting on it until they are informed enough to publish an article about it.
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Charlie Smith
K,
Thank you very much for your comment. I've amended the article to reflect what you've written.

Charlie Smith
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Mary
I am 18 years old and love Jane Austen and the 1995 version of Pride and Prejudice from the BBC.

Happy 200 YEARS!!!
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Ooops!
One must cite one’s sources correctly.

The following is an excerpt from a letter which Emily Bronte wrote to G.H. Lewes, dated January 18, 1848:

“Can there be a great artist without poetry?......Miss Austen being, as you say, without ‘sentiment’, without poetry, maybe is sensible, real (more real than true), but she cannot be great.”

But if Jane gives you joy, and is agreeable to your digestive system, then dig in.
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