A Burnaby man is the first person charged in Canada in connection with travelling abroad to commit a terrorist act.
The RCMP has alleged that Hasibullah Yusufzai, 25, left Canada to join radical Islamist fighters in Syria.
Under the Combating Terrorism Act, which gained royal assent last year, the Criminal Code was amended to make it illegal to leave or attempt to leave Canada to commit terrorist acts.
The law states that this carries a maximum prison sentence of 14 years.
Yusufzai's whereabouts are unknown.
Meanwhile, the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant has been attracting Islamist fighters from many countries, including Canada.
In June when it captured Iraq's second-largest city, Mosul, the world took notice.
It's one of the primary jihadist groups fighting in Syria to topple the regime led by Bashar al-Assad.