Brian Vincent: Sea turtle experiments show UBC must come clean on animal research

On a Sunday afternoon some weeks ago, Stop UBC Animal Research’s phone rang. On the other end of the line was an earnest, slightly nervous sounding voice. The caller told me an alarming story—the University of British Columbia was about to kill seven highly endangered green sea turtles who had been experimented on and housed at the university for more than 10 years. UBC was set to destroy the animals by the end of March.

The reason? According to the UBC whistleblower, the university was closing some animal research facilities on UBC’s south campus and had no place to move the turtles. Then the caller, as if interrupted, abruptly said, “I can’t talk any more,” and hung up. That mysterious call was the beginning of what would soon become an international sensation—a story that would go viral across the web, outrage conservation and animal advocacy groups across the globe, and tarnish UBC’s carefully crafted public image.

The next day, we tipped off the Vancouver Sun about the whistleblower call. Intrepid reporter Kim Pemberton immediately contacted Bill Milsom, head of UBC’s zoology department, who, surprisingly, confirmed the university’s plans to kill the imperiled animals as part of a study into turtle diving depths. The story, “UBC to kill endangered sea turtles in the spring”, which the Sun ran on its front page, made a big splash. Calls from around the world flooded into the UBC president’s office, urging the university to spare the turtles. Conservation organizations, such as the California-based Sea Turtle Restoration Project, also weighed in by writing directly to UBC. And major news outlets from CBC, CTV, Global TV, CKNW, News 1130, to the Huffington Post (the leading political blog in the U.S.), the States’ National Public Radio, and even media in the Cayman Islands picked up the story.

According to UBC, the university obtained the turtles from a Cayman Islands turtle farm in the late ’90s and early 2000. Since then, UBC researchers had been conducting experiments, some invasive, on the turtles. “The final experiments require major surgery,” Milsom told the Sun. At the end of the surgery, anesthesia will be increased until the turtles die, Milsom said.

All seven species of sea turtles are at high risk of extinction. Listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, sea turtles face a host of threats. Those threats include pollution, especially from oil spills; beach front development; entrapment in fishing nets; ingestion of marine debris, such as plastic bags; the illegal turtle shell trade; and turtle egg and meat consumption. In addition, artificial lighting along beaches often discourages female turtles from nesting and disorients hatchlings who may mistakenly wander inland, exposing them to predation.

Quick to do damage control over the uproar, UBC announced it was brokering a deal with a U.K. aquarium to trade its seven turtles for the aquarium’s older turtles. UBC officials said the reptilian arrivals from Britain would become the subjects of the final experiment then killed. Upon learning details of the negotiations, Stop UBC Animal Research immediately panned the plan. In a statement issued to media, we said the exchange idea was “dead in the water” for us because it “traded one life for another.” While Stop UBC Animal Research is encouraged UBC appears to be sensitive to public concerns, our organization will not support any deal that shifts the suffering from UBC’s turtles to those at a separate facility.

But the UBC turtle saga is only part of a much bigger, far more bleak, backstory. What lies beneath is a sad tale of animal cruelty, questionable science, UBC’s attempts to demonize those who challenge its animal research, and a revered educational institution’s steadfast refusal to disclose information about its activities.

Since Stop UBC Animal Research launched just one year ago, we’ve received tips from a number of courageous UBC employees working inside the university’s labs. They, like the anxious Sunday afternoon caller, have risked their careers to expose UBC’s extensive animal research programs. Those tips have helped pull back UBC’s veil of secrecy, revealing disturbing details about the university’s highly invasive, painful, and ultimately lethal experiments on animals, including on cats, monkeys, rats, mice, piglets, rabbits, and many other animals.

In addition, Stop UBC Animal Research’s crack investigation team has made its own grim discoveries. For instance, we found one UBC researcher has experimented on cats for 30 years. In 2008, he received a five-year, federally funded grant for continued animal research. In his papers, including one published in 2008, the researcher described how he had cut open the backs of cats to expose their vertebrae, inserted titanium screws into the cats’ spinal columns to inhibit movement, and built restraint chambers around the cats’ exposed vertebra to give researchers access to the cats’ spinal columns and to fix the animals in a sitting position for recording sessions.

Stop UBC Animal Research also found UBC researchers have conducted studies on and off campus in which they:

”¢ Repeatedly poured a saline solution into newborn piglets’ lungs to induce respiratory failure. [1]

Ӣ Captured wild songbirds in mist nets, withdrew their blood then decapitated some of the birds. [2]

Ӣ Exposed mice to cigarette smoke continuously for up to six months in emphysema research. [3] [4] [5]

More recently, Stop UBC Animal Research was provided documents relating to UBC’s experiments on non-human primates. According to that information, researchers have been:

”¢ Injecting toxins into monkeys’ brains to simulate “Parkinsonism”. A UBC report leaked to Stop UBC Animal Research states that one researcher is using four to eight non-human primates to create in the animals “a new, progressively degenerative ”˜model’ of Parkinson’s Disease.” According to the document, the UBC researcher’s experiment “uses rhesus monkeys which are receiving injections of proteasomal inhibitors into their brains. Head-holding devices have been surgically implanted into the monkeys’ brains, and protrude from the top of the monkeys’ heads, to be hooked up to frames when the researchers want to totally immobilize the animals presumably for injection of drugs and for scans at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. The monkeys have been scanned after implantation but before injection, for baseline (or starting point) information. Some animals are to be killed at 6 months, some at 12 months.” According to an April 12, 2010, progress report published by TRIUMF, Canada’s national laboratory for particle and nuclear physics, UBC’s Parkinson’s experiment is active and ongoing. It is anticipated the monkeys will be killed by April, when the federal funding for the team runs out. Stop UBC Animal Research has offered to buy the monkeys so they can be placed in a primate sanctuary.

Ӣ Administering electroconvulsive shock to monkeys to induce seizures.

Ӣ Blinding monkeys in vision deprivation studies. [6]

Ӣ Injecting particles into the fetuses of pregnant monkeys.

Equally troubling is UBC’s lack of transparency and its aggressive and systematic campaign to demonize critics. To deflect attention away from its ghoulish experiments, UBC has attempted to brand Stop UBC Animal Research or anyone who questions the university as “extremist”. So far, UBC has yet to provide us with critical information about its animal research, including data on the number and species of animals at the university, protocols, lab inspection reports, records of non-compliance, veterinary care logs, or video and photo documentation. Twice, Stop UBC Animal Research has filed formal complaints with the provincial government against UBC for the university’s failure to comply with statutory deadlines under B.C.’s Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act. Since much of UBC’s animal research is funded by taxpayers, we believe the public has a right to know what UBC is doing to animals with that money, and whether the research correlates to real improvements in human health. UBC’s reluctance to provide us with information gives the impression the university has something to hide.

Which brings us back to the latest story about UBC’s sea turtles. Had it not been for that brave UBC insider, the public would have no idea UBC was about to kill one of the world’s most at-risk animals. Obviously, disclosure of information by whistleblower is not an ideal method for informing the public. But until UBC comes clean about its animal research, the courage of those willing to sound the alarm is the only way we’ll find out what is going on behind UBC’s closed doors. It is time UBC quit withdrawing into its shell to avoid answering questions about its experiments on animals.

Brian Vincent is director of Stop UBC Animal Research.

Notes:

[1] AJ Singh, V. Bronshtein, M. Khashu, K. Lee, J.E. Potts, P. Chessex. “Vitamin A is systemically bioavailable following intratracheal administration with surfactant in an animal model of newborn respiratory distress.” Pediatr Res. 2010 Jun; 67(6):619-23.

[2] A. Elida, Newman M. Neurosteroids and Stress Physiology in Adult Songbirds. Neuroscience, UBC. 2009.

[3] A. Churg, Zhou S., Wang X., Wang R., Wright J.L. (Prof., Dept. of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, UBC). The role of interlukin-1 beta in murine cigarette smoke-induced emphysema and small airway remodeling. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology April 40(4):482-90, 2009.

[4] http://pats.atsjournals.org/cgi/content/full/6/6/550

[5] http://www.pathology.ubc.ca/NewPathology/Professor/Churg_Andrew.html

[6] http://www.cmr.ubc.ca/joanne_matsubara.html

Comments (53) Add New Comment
Greg R.
Bravo, Stop UBC Animal Research for blowing UBC's cover. As an UBC alum, I'm appalled by what UBC has allowed to occur on its campus in the name of "science."
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Eternally grateful
You're right, Greg - the folks at Stop UBC Animal Research have shined the light on UBC. The picture is not pretty. It is shocking these experiments on animals have been going on at UBC without the public knowing. I live nearby and had no idea in my neighborhood such cruel things were going on there.
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Lifeforce Foundation
The use of "animal models" is not only cruel and barbaric it is scientifically fallacious. First, all species respond differently to the methodologies and drugs being tested. There are also variations within species (age, sex, etc.). Secondly the "animal models" do not depict the actual human maladies. Attempts to artificially induce symptoms are a vain attempt to mimic the human health problem or injuries. And lastly, animal experiments are part of a research system that includes more reliable studies such as in vitro assays and human trials. Vivisection is even done when clinical human studies are underway or have concluded. If a product fails the animal tests it can still be marketed. Therefore, vivisection can be removed from the research system without any harm to people. And it would certainly stop the animal abuses and waste of scarce health care funds.

Since the 80s Lifeforce has investigated numerous labs including UBC, VGH, St. Paul’s, BC Women’s Hospital and SFU. Some of the photographs taken reveal the sight deprivation and repeated electrical shock (kindling) to induce convulsions. They have continued for over 30 years. See Stop Vivisection Canada! http://www.facebook.com/pages/Stop-Vivisection-Canada/105403562830754?v=...
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Alexia Olson
UBC should be ashamed! In an age of increasing awareness about animal welfare, it is tragic to know that UBC would slaughter an endangered species of turtle and use them for research purposes.
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Steven Mudry
I dont think I will be attending UBC now out of disgust for these actions. I hope other potential students will think twice about attending such a school.
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Rebecca Souliere
Your never going to stop useing innocent animals to experiment on.Thanks to people like Brian Vincent we are becomeing more aware of your revolting atrocities towards animals.
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MelissaF
Keep up the good work, Brian!! The only way UBC will own up to these atrocities is by work like yours. It's a sad and unfortunate fact, but true nonetheless.
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Carmina Gooch
Behind closed door and hidden from the public are the silent cries of animals tortured and killed in the name of science. Finally, UBC’s ugly little secrets are being exposed.

Scientists have increasingly come forward to say what many of us already know, not only is animal testing unethical, unnecessary, unreliable, and invalid, it hinders medical progress. Leave the animals alone, UBC, and use the arsenal of new and sophisticated techniques readily available.

"The reason why I am against animal research is because it doesn't work, it has no scientific value and every good scientist knows that." - Dr. Robert Mendelsohn
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Catherine Simpson
I've been following the news about UBC's animal experiments for several months now and have to say I'm really troubled by the university's secrecy about its research. I'm thankful there are groups like Stop UBC Animal Research who are exposing UBC. I follow the group on Facebook at: https://www.facebook.com/pages/STOP-UBC-Animal-Research/105139849560624?...

This group should be supported because they are doing work that no one else in Vancouver or even Canada is doing.
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d. June Conley
I agree, UBC YOU SHOULD BE ASHAMED!!!! What are you hiding from the tax payers? Your refusal to disclose information under the "BC Freedom of Information Act" makes you look "very, very guilty!" I don't understand why the government doesn't stop all animal experimentation at UBC until you do comply with the law!
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Carissa
The experiments conducted by UBC are appalling, cruel, and unnecessary. It's unconscionable that 'researchers' are paid to torture animals, with no real human gains.

Repeatedly animal research proves nontransferable when put to human testing, and it's a disturbing money grab that it continues to be a requirement that certain products be tested on animals before they can be used by humans.

Not only do we need to hold UBC accountable for what they are doing, but so to do we need to call on pharmaceutical and cosmetic companies, and anyone else who is commissioning such studies.

What they don't want you to know is that animal testing isn't necessary, and they especially don't want you to know that eating a plant-based diet drastically reduces your chances of infesting yourself with the diseases of affluence such as cancer, diabetes, or depression that are being 'treated' with pills rather than real solutions.

I for one cannot support torture of any kind, whether human or non-human - it's all the same, and there's no reason to think otherwise.

Kudos to the whistle-blowers who I hope will continue to come forward until this practice is put to rest permanently.
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Olena
Great article. Despite how people may feel about animal research, the secrecy at UBC is appalling. UBC community and the general public deserves to know what is being done in their name.
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CaringCook
This is a great article. The best I've seen so far on what's going on at UBC. UBC is hiding their experiments because they know the public will see that these experiments are cruel and a waste of time and money.
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Ruko
I hope UBC stops all the horrible animal testing that they do! It's really sickening that researchers torture and then often kill these innocent creatures. I hope Karma gets them! Thanks Brian and all those at Stop UBC Animal Research for there hard work at exposing the truth and fighting for UBC to change its inhumane ways!
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Kelly Carson
Whistleblowers can only exist in a culture of wrong-doing. It's time for the university to give STOP the information they ask for. The public has a right to know to what extent this university is involved in animal experiments in order to make informed choices about their own education or those of their children.
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Maureen Hurly
It is so sad that UBC and other institutions of learning treat animals to be disposable commodities. Each animal, even the smallest, has it's own life to live, and is not here to be used and abused by us.
As some of the other commentators have pointed out, animal research is outdated and of questionable benefit to anyone. Just how many lives have been wasted, and how many millions of animals have suffered and died needlessly in laboratories around the world in a fruitless attempt to "cure" human maladies?
As for the debacle with the turtles, it is hard to understand how endangered turtles in the wild are going to be helped by killing any in captivity.
Please UBC, move away from cruelty and animal models, and take the lead in using and pioneering alternative methods of research that do no harm and are more directly applicable to helping humans and the rest of the planet.
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beth lamb
Bravo to Brian Vincent (Stop UBC Animal Research), who is a hero. Light is being shed on UBC and all the other universities performing horrific, and unnecessary cruel experiments on non human animals thanks to organizations like this one. There is absolutely no excuse for the treatment these beings endure for the sake of acquiring grant money. There are other, more humane ways of performing scientific research and helping students of the sciences to learn.
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Brian Lynchehaun
This is a rather overblown and scaremongering opinion piece. There's no attempt at objective comparison: in potential, how many lives will be saved/helped by this research?

The mere screeching of "omg! Animals! Death! Noes!" is what gets these extremists labeled as such.

There is information relevant to improving the condition of us *all* to be had (human and non-human alike). One of the ways to get that information involves the death of animals. Please provide an alternative method if you wish the deaths to stop. Because the information is necessary, and will continue to be sought after.
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Lisa Barrett
I notice a number of UCB alumni posting here. May I suggest a letter to the Chancellor and the Alumni Association regarding your inclination to donate funds to the university? This won't stop till the funding dries up.
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Jessie S
As taxpayers, we deserve to know what animal research UBC is doing. The labs shouldn't be hidden. Everything should be open and transparent. And if they're worried about safety, well then maybe they should think twice about what they're doing.
UBC's animal research is a disgusting display of human arrogance and selfishness. If UBC scientists can't figure out another way to do research other than torturing innocent and helpless animals, then they don't deserve taxpayers money, they deserve a long and scorching stint in Hell.
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