An RCMP intelligence director whose expertise is East Asian affairs faces five charges, including three under the Security of Information Act.
Cameron Ortis is accused of intentionally and without authority communicating or confirming special operational information.
If convicted, it carries a maximum prison term of 14 years.
Ortis is also charged with "obtaining, retaining, or gaining access to information".
In addition, he faces one count of "possessing any device, apparatus, or software useful for concealing the content of information or for surreptitiously communicating, obtaining, or retaining information".
These offences carry a maximum two-year sentence upon conviction.
His two Criminal Code of Canada charges are for breach of trust by a public officer and use of a computer system with intent to commit an offence.
These carry maximum prison sentences of five and 10 years, respectively.
None of the allegations have been proven in court.
Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer has called this case "extremely concerning".