Surrey gunfire leads former premier, law-enforcement officials to call for an end to the drug war
When Harry Bains woke up on April 19, his reaction to news of a police incident earlier that morning was poignantly blasé. “Another day another shooting”, reads a message he posted on Twitter.
Hours later, the NDP MLA for Surrey-Newton learned the victim of that fatal attack was his 22-year-old nephew, Arun.
“We need to have enough resources for police,” Bains said in a telephone interview. More boots on the ground is a call that Surrey politicians have made for more than a decade. Bains emphasized it still needs to be answered, but he also said the time has come for new ideas.
“The war on drugs has been the mantra of the federal government for how long now?” Bains asked. “And it is not working for Surrey.”
Since March 9, there have been 30 shootings in Surrey and North Delta in what the RCMP describe as a “street level” drug feud. The cyclical nature of such violence has former B.C. law-enforcement officials echoing Bains’s call for a change. Drawing on decades of experience, and pointing to specific examples where a police action has spurred conflict as opposed to stopping it, these retired officers are calling for no less than an end to the drug war.
Kash Heed is a former B.C. solicitor general and was once the commanding officer of the Vancouver Police Department’s drug squad. He told the Georgia Straight that the context for the recent shootings in Surrey is prohibition.
“When I was involved in this conflict in my policing years, we tracked it back to what the attraction was,” Heed recounted. “The attraction was the fact that they make easy money through the distribution and sale of drugs.”
Police drug busts spark violence
Heed recalled Project Elderly and Project Torpedo, two VPD operations conducted in the early 2000s wherein hundreds of street-level dealers were removed from the Downtown Eastside. The result?
“There was still a market for the drugs,” Heed said. “And that void was filled by up-and-comers who were trying to make a name for themselves. We could correlate that with an increase in violence in the area, and that was due to new people coming in, trying to flex their muscles, trying to show that they were the new boys in town.”
Heed reported finding further evidence of police actions leading to gang violence while working on his graduate degree. He examined data on some 600 Vancouver drug dealers arrested between June 2001 and October 2002. His findings: “A consistent pattern,” Heed said. “The void was filled and, often, violence increased because you had new players coming into the game.”
Heed observed that there were two major VPD drug busts that preceded the ongoing spike in Surrey shootings.
On February 17, police executed Project Tainted against targets in Vancouver, Burnaby, and North Vancouver. According to a March 3 media release, the result was eight arrests and roughly $1 million in drugs taken off the streets. Then on March 11, in an action titled Project Trooper, the VPD and RCMP moved on locations in Vancouver, Surrey, New Westminster, Coquitlam, and Maple Ridge. According to an April 1 release, that resulted in 11 arrests and the seizure of $1.8 million worth of narcotics.
Heed said the timing of those operations could be significant. “Would I be surprised if that is what has happened?” he asked. “No. Because that is just the way drug markets operate. And then you combine that with gang activity and, yes, there is going to be violence.”
John Anderson is a former correctional officer from Surrey who is now a member of Law Enforcement Against Prohibition. He pointed to another study that supports Heed’s research with a much larger data sample.
The 2011 paper, authored by academics with UBC and the B.C. Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS and published in the International Journal of Drug Policy, reviewed 15 studies that examined law-enforcement agencies’ effects on gang violence. It found that 14 of them recorded an “adverse impact”; of those, 10 showed a “significant association between drug law enforcement and drug market violence”.
The researchers’ conclusion: “The existing evidence base suggests that gun violence and high homicide rates may be an inevitable consequence of drug prohibition and that disrupting drug markets can paradoxically increase violence.”
(This relationship was identified early in the U.S. “war on drugs”. Related to what’s known as the “kingpin strategy”, it was confirmed in 1994 when a Pentagon analyst named Rex Rivolo crunched the numbers and found the DEA’s elimination of high-level dealers was actually increasing the supply of cocaine to America. The kingpin phenomenon has attracted renewed attention as it pertains to the Obama administration’s preference to combat terrorism with targeted assassinations.)
Anderson described this effect as predictable. “Whenever the police do a crackdown, there is a surge in violence as other groups try to fill the vacuum,” he said.
Tracking cause and effect
In a telephone interview, Surrey RCMP Sgt. Dale Carr described possible links between the VPD busts and the Surrey shootings as “without basis and purely speculation”.
He maintained that the recent spate of shootings is different from gang violence Surrey experienced through the late 2000s in that it does not involve more organized enterprises such as the Hells Angels or the Red Scorpions.
“These dealers want to control more of an area and do not want another group coming in,” Carr said. “Or it could be that one group wants to take over an area that is currently very active.”
Const. Brian Montague, a VPD spokesperson, said drug-market violence is a difficult phenomenon to track. “There is always someone willing to take someone else’s place,” he conceded. “I think when you look at the sheer volume of these seizures, they are going to have an impact. But what that impact is is hard to measure.”
A massive failure
Mike Harcourt served as B.C. premier from 1991 to 1996 and prior to that was the mayor of Vancouver. In a telephone interview, he said it was his experience that you can’t stop the flow of drugs with law enforcement.
Harcourt recalled former VPD chief Bob Stewart (who retired in 1991) informing him it was the department’s official estimate that it was catching less than five percent of the drugs bound for Vancouver streets. "And the people who were actually on the drug squad, they told me it was actually about two percent," Harcourt added.
He said where you do see the effects of prohibition are in ever-rising prison populations and gang violence in cities like Surrey.
“There is pretty overwhelming evidence that the war on drugs—and particularly on marijuana—is a massive failure with huge and terrible consequences for millions of people in the States and hundreds of thousands of people here in Canada,” Harcourt said.
Russ Hiebert and Nina Grewal, Conservative MPs for Surrey ridings where recent shootings have taken place, both declined to do interviews.
Speaking in the House of Commons on April 28, Grewal emphasized that the Conservatives have passed tough-on-crime legislation, and criticized the federal Liberals’ plan to legalize marijuana. “The Liberals’ solution to drug-fuelled gang warfare is to make marijuana easier for our children to buy and smoke,” claimed the MP for Fleetwood-Port Kells.
Time to talk about marijuana
Surrey First city councillor Bruce Hayne told the Straight B.C. Justice Minister Suzanne Anton has pledged to fast-track the delivery of 100 new RCMP officers in addition to 34 who arrived in April. But he conceded that a pattern exists where the elimination of one drug dealer sparks violence that ends with new drug dealers taking their place.
“There is certainly a correlation between the current legal framework surrounding illicit drugs and the kinds of violence that people are prepared to go to in order to protect their profits,” he said.
Asked if it’s time to end the prohibition of softer drugs like marijuana, Hayne replied: “That conversation needs to take place.”
Donald MacPherson, executive director for the Canadian Drug Policy Coalition, said there is still a long way to go.
“The nut that we haven’t been able to crack is to convince people that the harms of drug prohibition are greater than the harms of the drugs themselves,” he said. “We fear people becoming involved with substances and developing problems so much that we are willing to keep in place a system that is not working, that feeds organized crime, that feeds violence, and that ends up with a lot of young men in the Lower Mainland killed. It is a cycle that we have seen over and over again. And we refuse to entertain any other strategies.”
May 13, 2015 at 11:58am
If N officers can stop 2-5% of drugs, then adding 100, where 100 is less than N, is not going to solve the problem. Is it that people who support drug prohibition are bad at thnking or something?
May 13, 2015 at 12:21pm
I'm glad you covered this angle. I have been saying this for months about how the violence has been decreased in vancouver and moved out to surrey and delta as the gangs move to where prohibition is better for business. All over the world governments are waking up to the fact that prohibition and incarceration are NOT the answer to the drug issue. Its a health issue not a police issue! In the last week Puerto Rice and Israel have both come to the same conclusion.
May 13, 2015 at 12:56pm
Duh... who would have thought that arresting a few drug dealers was going to lead to more violence. New gangsters coming in to fill the void left by the ones in jail? What a shocking surprise. Really no one could have doubted that just a few more raids would end the demand and trade for drugs.
I guess I applaud these people for stating the obvious about the failed war on drugs.. but I wish they spoke out while they were still in a position of influence.
May 13, 2015 at 1:19pm
I found a excellent article about hard drug written by an American psychologist
in Equinox magazine call "Monkey on your Back" he showed the effects of hard drug on the brain and the most important fact was he stated that hard drug addictions are 6000 years old out of Ancient China and drug addiction are handed down through the centuries genetically and once the drug is tried the endorphins are awaken and these people will require treatment for the rest of their lives and it should be through the medical world to control the symptom's, that will never go away. People hooked on hard drugs will go to the drug over water even if they are dying of thirst. That's why drug additions will never go away. The addition is too powerful for these people to control.
May 13, 2015 at 1:53pm
Porte Gaul legalized all drugs years ago and have had almost no drug related crimes since. Drug abusers have also declined because they are given a choice instead of, being told not to take them. So as long as the drug education is there but, the choice is also available, drug related offenses and abuse will deminish.
May 13, 2015 at 4:34pm
When alcohol prohibition in the U.S. was rescinded in the 1930's, gang violence related to alcohol distribution and sales ceased. Some of those criminals moved on to heroin and other illegal drugs. Health problems from cut heroin, like the bootleg booze of the roaring twenties, are reduced with government regulated products. Studies in Israel, Switzerland, Uruguay, Liverpool etc. show consumption and health problems actually decline with legalization of drugs. Violence also vanishes. The argument for legalization is detailed in Johann Hari's "Chasing the Scream". Let's give up on the devastation caused by the U.S. initiated war on drugs.
May 13, 2015 at 5:16pm
May 13, 2015 at 5:19pm
Time to put pressure on the Federal Government to legalize pot. They like to say pot is a gateway drug when in fact it's alcohol . Pot's a gateway to the fridge.
too easy on crime
May 13, 2015 at 6:09pm
prosecute, deport, no entry , first offense. no excuses.
make the punishment stiff, hard, and swift.
we are tooooo easy on crime.
May 13, 2015 at 8:33pm
The "War on Marijuana" has been a complete and utter failure. It is the largest component of the broader yet equally unsuccessful "War on Drugs" that has cost our country over a trillion dollars.
Instead of The United States wasting Billions upon Billions more of our tax dollars fighting a never ending "War on Marijuana", lets generate Billions of dollars, and improve the deficit instead. It's a no brainer.
The Prohibition of Marijuana has also ruined the lives of many of our loved ones. In numbers greater than any other nation, our loved ones are being sent to jail and are being given permanent criminal records which ruin their chances of employment for the rest of their lives, and for what reason?
Marijuana is much safer to consume than alcohol. Yet do we lock people up for choosing to drink?
Even The President of the United States has used marijuana. Has it hurt his chances at succeeding in life? If he had gotten caught by the police during his college years, he may have very well still been in prison today! Beyond that, he would then be fortunate to even be able to find a minimum wage job that would consider hiring him with a permanent criminal record.Let's end this hypocrisy now!
The government should never attempt to legislate morality by creating victim-less marijuana "crimes" because it simply does not work and costs the taxpayers a fortune.
Marijuana Legalization Nationwide is an inevitable reality that's approaching much sooner than prohibitionists think and there is nothing they can do to stop it!
Legalize Nationwide! Support Each and Every Marijuana Legalization Initiative!