As Mauna Loa Observatory records highest atmospheric carbon dioxide counts, Himalayan glacier bursts in India

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      It's shaping up as another grim month for those paying attention to the climate breakdown.

      Many news outlets are reporting this weekend that a Himalayan glacier has broken in the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand.

      It's swept away a small hydroelectric dam, flooded villages downstream, and prompted a massive emergency-relief operation.

      There are fears that up to 150 people may have died.

      The Indian broadcaster NDTV has reported that the flooding occurred along the Alaknanda and Dhauli Ganga rivers.

      This event coincides with sky-high carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosophere.

      The U.S. National Centers for Environmental Information points out on its website that when the concentration of carbon dioxide increases in the atmosphere, average global temperatures rise. And the opposite occurs when the concentration decreases.

      The Himalayas contain the most frozen water in the world outside the Arctic and Antarctic.

      This mountain range also provides water to nearly two billion people in Asia.

      The 2019 video below shows the threat that climate change is posing to this ice—and the potential consequences downstream from glaciers.

      The German public broadcaster DW created this video in 2019.

      Carbon concentrations reach record high

      According to the CO2_Earth Twitter feed, the highest daily average of carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere was recently recorded at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii.

      They reached 419.45 parts per million on February 5. That's up from 413.85 parts per million a year ago.

      "The daily means are based on hours during which CO2 was likely representative of 'background' conditions, defined as times when the measurement is representative of air at mid-altitudes over the Pacific Ocean," the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Global Monitoring Laboratory states on its website.

      "That air has had several days time or more to mix, smoothing out most of the CO2 variability encountered elsewhere, making the measurements representative of CO2 over hundreds of km or more.:

      Before the start of the Industrial Revolution, the average carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere was around 280 parts per million.

      "By the time continuous observations began at Mauna Loa Volcanic Observatory in 1958, global atmospheric carbon dioxide was already 315 ppm," the NOAA states on its website. "On May 9, 2013, the daily average carbon dioxide measured at Mauna Loa surpassed 400 ppm for the first time on record. Less than two years later, in 2015, the global amount went over 400 ppm for the first time."

      The global average climbed to 409.8 parts per million by 2019.

      Contrast that to the 375 parts per million in the atmosphere in 2003, the year that climate activist Greta Thunberg was born.

      In the video below, she points out that the last five years have been the hottest years on record.