By John Price and Satoko Oka Norimatsu
Peace activists around the world are mounting a global campaign to stop massive naval manoeuvres in the Pacific. And Canada is in their sights.
Last month, two Canadian warships, HMCS Vancouver and Winnipeg departed Esquimalt naval base heading for San Diego and then Hawai’i to participate in the Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) war manoeuvres.
Just as the Canadian warships were departing Esquimalt, activists in Hawai’i gathered at Kailua near the Marine Corps Air Station on Kaneohe Bay to protest the impending visit of the RIMPAC warships, including Canada’s.
According to the U.S. Pacific Fleet, this year’s RIMPAC war rehearsals began on June 30 and will continue until August 4. It will be the largest maritime war exercise in the world with “26 nations, 38 surface ships, four submarines, nine national land forces, more than 30 unmanned systems, approximately 170 aircraft and more than 25,000 personnel participating.”
The goal is to enhance naval collaboration for the U.S. proposed agenda of “a free and open Indo-Pacific.”
RIMPAC war rehearsals are not new. They began in 1971 when the U.S. was desperately seeking allies to counter its mounting losses in its aggressive war in Vietnam. Participation in what became biennial war exercises has varied over the years.
RIMPAC 2022 comes at a sensitive moment when the U.S. and its allies have stepped up provocative actions in East Asia, aimed mainly at the People’s Republic of China, a rising power that seemingly challenges U.S. hegemony in the Pacific.
However, for many people, including indigenous Pacific Islanders, U.S. militarism remains front and centre in their fight for sovereignty and peace.
Peace proponents target RIMPAC 2022
Indigenous Hawaiians, or kānaka maoli, have been actively pressing for sovereignty and an end to U.S. military occupation for years.
RIMPAC first gained notoriety as it participated with the U.S. in the blanket bombing of the sacred island of Kaho’olawe near Maui, Hawai’i in the 1970s and 1980s. This led to a major movement to protect Kaho’olawe that eventually resulted in an important victory for the movement Protect Kaho’olawe Ohana in the 1990s.
Indigenous activist Walter Ritte who occupied the island for 35 days in defiance of the U.S. military recounted “Aloha ‘Āina defeated the United States military.” Ritte’s use of the term Aloha ‘Āina refers to the kānaka maolis’ respect for the land and sea that sustain all living creatures.
Aloha ‘Āina has now motivated others in the Pacific. Peace activists on Jeju Island, just south of the Korean peninsula, also gathered recently to protest the dispatch of south Korean naval vessels to the RIMPAC 2022 war games. As the picture below attests, their banner is inscribed with the term Aloha ‘Āina—a term they learned from their visits to Hawai’i.
Women’s Voices Women Speak, also based in Hawai’i, is mounting a major campaign against RIMPAC 2022 as part of its activities with the Pacific Peace Network. This includes a petition to cancel RIMPAC 2022 and build a Pacific Zone of Peace.
In New Zealand, Cancel RIMPAC coalition member Marco de Jong called for New Zealand to withdraw its navy tanker HMNZS Aotearoa from the war games and participate in alternative security arrangements for the region including the Pacific Island Forum. “New Zealand draws its international standing from its place and influence in the Pacific. Playing American lapdog is equivalent to authoritarian apologist and jeopardizes New Zealand interests.”
The upsurge in protests against RIMPAC 2022 is largely a result of the activities of the Pacific Peace Network that includes Guåhan, Jeju Island, South Korea, Okinawa, Japan, Philippines, Northern Mariana Islands, Aotearoa (New Zealand), Australia, Hawai'i and the United States.
A former army colonel and U.S. diplomat turned peace activist, Ann Wright is also playing a major role in networking the actions against RIMPAC 2022. In Canada, the Canadian Voice of Women for Peace (www.vowpeace.org) and the Women’s International League for Peace & Freedom-Canada (www.wilpfcanada.ca) have endorsed the petition calling for the cancellation of RIMPAC 2022.
Is RIMPAC really NATO in disguise?
Some commentators see RIMPAC 2022 as an expansion of NATO into the Pacific. However, close analysis of the participants suggests that RIMPAC 2022 remains a Pacific-based coalition, the core of which is the Five Eyes allies of the U.S., the U.K., Australia, New Zealand, and Canada, plus the Republic of Korea and Japan.
These countries represent the bulk of the firepower at RIMPAC 2022 as well as the leadership in the war rehearsals. According to the commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, Royal Canadian Navy Rear Adm. Christopher Robinson will serve as deputy commander of the maritime task force, Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force Rear Adm. Toshiyuki Hirata as the vice commander, and Republic of Korea Rear Adm. Sangmin An will serve as the commander of Combined Task Force (CTF) 176, RIMPAC’s amphibious task force.
Participating from the global south are Brunei, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Tonga. However, this is not the first time RIMPAC has had expanded participation. In fact, the U.S. invited China to participate in RIMPAC in 2014 and 2016, but in 2018, it disinvited China.
Certainly, U.S. allies such as Denmark, France, Germany, Israel, and the Netherlands are participating in this year’s RIMPAC, but of these, only France has deployed a frigate, part of its continuing colonial presence in French Polynesia.
No doubt, the U.S. administration wants to involve NATO or some members of NATO in the Pacific. At its Madrid summit in June, NATO adopted a new "strategic concept" in which it specifically targets China as a threat, in line with current U.S. policy.
The recent AUKUS (Australia-U.K.-U.S.) intiative to provide nuclear submarines to Australia is another such initiative, openly acknowledged as an attempt to “shift the military balance in the Indo-Pacific”.
However, projecting the NATO alliance into the Asia Pacific is far from simple and in some senses is a nonstarter. Asian nations have long memories and the legacies of European colonialism in Asia are not easily forgotten. Some Asian nations still look to the U.S. as a security blanket against rising China, but they also know that their economic future is tied to that of China.
As for Canada, the government may be aligning itself with the U.S. military in the Asia Pacific, but it must also contend with an evolving and complex situation. The recently announced formation of an Indo-Pacific Advisory Committee to advise the government reflects ongoing challenges in developing a coherent foreign policy in regard to China and the Asia Pacific.