B.C. Teachers' Federation can't translate court victory into progress at the bargaining table

As the teachers’ strike enters its sixth month, the union and employer don't even agree on which issues should be negotiated.

On this day, most of the teachers chatting outside a conference room are wearing black. Black T-shirts, black shoes, black pants, or black skirts, and, in the case of B.C. Teachers’ Federation president Susan Lambert, a black scarf. That’s because these BCTF representatives are gathered at the Delta Vancouver Airport Hotel on January 27, the eve of what they call a “dark day in education”: the 10th anniversary of the Gordon Campbell government’s passage of bills 27 and 28, which cancelled provisions in their collective agreement without any consultation whatsoever.

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Until January 28, 2002, the BCTF could negotiate restrictions on class size, as well as limits on the number of kids with special needs that each teacher would accept. In addition, the BCTF previously had a say on the length of the school calendar and on its members’ hours and days of work.

“All of us who have any kind of history in the B.C. Teachers’ Federation are acutely aware of that date,” Lambert tells the Georgia Straight in an interview near the hotel lobby. “Because on that date, Christy Clark, as minister of education, heralded this wonderful piece of legislation to give ‘flexibility and choice’ to parents and students. They brought in legislation to strip every shred of collective-agreement language associated with class size and composition—and to prohibit our rights to bargain class size and composition in the future.”

Last April, B.C. Supreme Court Justice Susan Griffin quashed key clauses in bills 27 and 28 as unconstitutional because they violated teachers’ charter right to freedom of association. Griffin gave the government a year to fix this situation.

Meanwhile, as the B.C. teachers’ strike moves into its sixth month, there’s no sign that the union and the B.C. Public School Employers’ Association are even close to reaching a deal after more than 70 bargaining sessions. So far, teachers’ job actions have included refusing to fill in report cards and mark provincial exams, withdrawing from meetings with administrators, and declining some supervision duties.

“We had three objectives in these talks,” Lambert explains. “Repeal the legislation that was unconstitutional, restore the language, and restore our rights to bargain. They said, ‘No, no, no.’ ”

This is where things get a little complicated. The government created a “Bill 27 and 28 table”, where the province consulted with the BCTF and BCPSEA on how to remedy the violation of teachers’ constitutional rights. There’s a separate table where the BCTF and BCPSEA, which bargains for school districts, are negotiating a new collective agreement.

BCPSEA chair Melanie Joy, a school trustee in the Kootenays, acknowledges the difficulty of negotiating a contract with teachers while the B.C. government is dealing with the fallout from the court decision. “We’re trying to keep it very straight in the public’s mind that what is on the bargaining table itself has nothing to do with class size and composition,” she says, on the line from her home in Creston. “And the BCTF’s strategy so far has been to try to mix and mingle those two because they would really like to see that back into the collective agreement.”

The BCTF, on the other hand, argues that the court decision restored its right to negotiate class size and composition—and a central objective of the current negotiations is to reinstate these issues in its collective agreement.

The government calculated in 2001 that unilaterally changing the contract would save $275 million per year. At the time, education ministry staff sent an email to Clark, then education minister, explaining that these cuts would probably lead to “significant numbers of layoffs in at least some districts”. The same email noted that parents were “apt to notice significant reductions in service levels”.

The BCTF maintains that the real purpose of gutting the contract was to save money to offset massive corporate and personal-income tax cuts. Lambert calculates the cost of the constitutional-rights “injury” to teachers at $336 million per year—or $3.36 billion over the past decade—after factoring in inflation. She adds that illegally ripping up the contract led directly to 12,500 oversized classrooms across the province.

“The teachers are saying that’s untenable in terms of their educational soundness,” she says. “It was a cost-saving measure to fulfill a platform promise of downsizing government.”

Education Minister George Abbott claims that the B.C. Supreme Court ruling doesn’t behoove the government to spend hundreds of millions of dollars “to re-create the world as it existed in 2001”. In a phone interview with the Straight, he insists that Griffin’s reasons for judgment only require the legislature to address the constitutional violation.

When asked whether limits on class size and composition will remain in the legislation, or whether they will be negotiated in the teachers’ collective agreement, Abbott responds: “That, I would say, is still a matter of discussion. I wouldn’t want to predict at this point exactly how that will be dealt with in the bill.”

Class size and composition aren’t the only contentious issues. As in many labour disputes, there’s also a significant disagreement over money. The B.C. government, which funds districts, has instructed the BCPSEA to bargain under a “net-zero mandate”.

Abbott explains that this means any contract must have no net impact on the public purse. Teachers and other public-sector workers can obtain raises, but only by making offsetting adjustments in other areas, such as sick leave or hours of work. “As an example of this, the Hospital Employees’ Union were able to make some changes to their benefit package, and the savings on that went on to providing a small increase for the nurses that they represent,” Abbott says.

The BCTF has refused to accept the net-zero mandate, claiming that it wasn’t adhered to in contracts with nurses and CUPE school-support staff, not to mention in the pay packages of school superintendents and Crown corporation CEOs.

The two sides are also far apart in their salary demands. The BCTF tabled an offer on January 17 seeking three-percent raises in each of three years, plus a three-percent “market adjustment” over the final two years. Lambert argues that with an inflation rate of 2.3 percent, a net-zero mandate translates into a pay cut for teachers.

Joy, on the other hand, characterizes the BCTF’s demands as “asking for the moon, basically”, given the province’s fiscal situation. In late November, Finance Minister Kevin Falcon projected a $3.1-billion deficit for the fiscal year ending on March 31.

“So far in discussions at the bargaining table, the employers’ position and proposals are not being discussed at all,” Joy claims.

The BCTF says its salary demands will cost $565 million, whereas the BCPSEA puts the figure at just over $2 billion over the life of the contract. Then there are different perceptions about teacher salaries. The BCTF states that a “category 5” B.C. teacher receives a minimum salary of $48,083, compared to $61,038 in Alberta, $53,551 in Ontario, $53,327 in Saskatchewan, and $52,814 in Manitoba. Overall, the BCTF claims that its members rank ninth or 10th out of 13 provinces and territories.

The BCPSEA questions these comparisons, noting that the definitions of categories for teachers vary across different jurisdictions. In comparing teacher salaries between provinces, the BCPSEA claims that BCTF members rank fourth after taking into account such things as geography and labour-market considerations. Abbott says that regardless of the rankings, teachers “will be subject to a net-zero mandate”. Their last contract, according to Abbott, included a 16-percent increase over five years.

“There is nothing I would love more than to be able to be in the same position that we were in 2006, when we had a multibillion-dollar surplus,” he notes, “and we were able to pass along the benefits of that surplus to the public servants who ably serve us, including teachers.”

The minister acknowledges that the government is prepared to funnel more benefits to teachers through the Bill 27 and 28 table, which is separate from the contract talks. Abbott says a new “class-organization fund” would inject $165 million over three years into education for kids with special needs. “The proposal was rejected outright by the teachers’ federation as inadequate,” he claims.

Lambert points out that in December, the B.C. government announced that education funding would rise by only $3 million next year, on a $5-billion budget. She also claims that even if this class-organization fund was real, it would be subject to competition between schools and districts over which kids were the most in need. Finally, she alleges that some of this money was already allocated to a recent settlement with the Canadian Union of Public Employees, which represents school-support staff.

That’s not the only thing that rankles Lambert. She also notes that the government has brought forth a binderful of clauses that it says it shouldn’t have stripped from the contract in 2002. “They’ve kidnapped these clauses and now they want us to buy them back at the bargaining table,” she alleges.

Gwen Giesbrecht, chair of the Vancouver district parent advisory council, tells the Straight by phone that some parents are frustrated by the lack of movement in negotiating a settlement.

“I heard from equal numbers of parents—those who are really upset that they weren’t going to be seeing a report card and those who didn’t put that much importance on report cards in any case,” she says. “There is some concern among parents, particularly with students that have got IEPs [individualized education plans] and the ability to consult with teachers and administrators in the same room to kind of judge how their child is going with their program. Some schools seem better at finding a strategy to get the information out than others without participating in the meetings all at the same time.”

Another member of the district parent advisory council, Ivy Leung, tells the Straight by phone that Cantonese- and Mandarin-speaking parents want a resolution, but they’re adjusting well to the situation. “If the administrators or the secretaries are doing their jobs, there’s no real complaint on this end,” she says.

Labour-relations expert Mark Thompson, a retired UBC professor, says he expects the B.C. Liberal government to pass legislation this spring ending the strike and imposing a contract on teachers. To him, this will be yet another indication that there’s a “dysfunctional” framework for negotiating contracts with teachers.

Thompson points out over the phone that a previous NDP government created the B.C. Public School Employers’ Association to negotiate provincewide contracts with teachers. Later, a B.C. Liberal government made education an essential service. As a result, BCTF members can only conduct limited job action that’s approved by the Labour Relations Board, which doesn’t put much pressure on the employer.

Kids are still going to school and those in Grade 12 are receiving marks. Teachers continue receiving their pay. And there’s no parade of protesters showing up at local board of education meetings.

“Despite the best efforts of some people in the media to persuade us that it’s a big deal, parents don’t seem to be upset,” Thompson says.


Follow Charlie Smith on Twitter at twitter.com/csmithstraight.

Comments (24) Add New Comment
Gary Dee, Penticton
Teachers are the most spoiled little bitches in British Columbia. Their sense of entitlement shows in how horribly they teach our children. They think that, because they spent an extra year in university learning how to mind control children that they deserve cake, icing and all the trimming. I detest this current government but I say remove all the whining from my media. Fire the entire works and start over.
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GOT
The BCTF shouldn't waste any more time negotiating with the knuckle-dragging clowns who currently represent the provincial government. Wait until 2013 when they're all turfed. If parents really care, vote in an NDP government and let's get something of value happening in this province again. In the meantime, our teachers are doing a great job - and so are our kids - under extremely stressful conditions and we should give them all the support we can. Ultimately, that means a different, and better, provincial government at the earliest opportunity.
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Donna
What a fabulous article! It debunks all the corporate double-speak of the provincial Liberals. Thank you!
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Pisces
"Parents don't seem to be upset". Are you kidding me, parents are very upset as our children are held as "hostages" by teachers and we, the parents are left in dark as to our children education progress this year.
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GOT
@Pisces...I'm a parent and I'm not upset. I know exactly how my child is doing because I ask. I'm not in the dark at all. Sometimes you do have to make an effort on behalf of your own children. Teachers are not baby sitters, and they are in my opinion way more professional about what they're doing than anybody in the provincial government is, who, if you really want to know, ARE using our children as pawns in their silly game of 'beat the teachers'. Kids only get one shot at a good education - why are the BC Liberals so determined that our kids aren't going to get it? Thank your lucky stars we've got the teachers we have and show some support for once for the second most important people our children will ever meet. Or in some cases, THE most important.
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AlexanderD
One reason why the BC teachers are still on strike is because they're actually not on strike. When was the last time you heard of a bargaining unit being on strike while they continue to do pretty much 95% of their job? Supporters of the teachers accuse the government of double speak, but to claim that the BC teachers are on strike is simply Orwellian. What incentive does the government have to negotiate fairly if they have nothing to loose? Their resources are much larger and the next election is still far off, so they can out-wait the union. Time to decide: are you on strike, or not? If not, there may be other ways to get a better deal for teachers, and - for matter - for students, parents, and BC in general, and that is by getting rid of the Liberals in the next election. You'll need a brilliant campaign though, especially in these times, when the Right-wing so easily dupes the people, and just in Canada, but globally.
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MarkBowen
@Pisces: Children are not being "held hostage". Classes are being held and learning objectives are being met as usual.

As far as I can tell, teachers are bending over backward to do whatever they can to minimize the impact of this job action on the kids.

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A.C003
Reading this page is like reading a fangroup page of the NDP: it's sad, deviled by opinions that look past the greedy and unrealistic ambitions of the BC teachers union (and I strongly use the term union, for I think the teachers themselves are not to blame, only their represenatatives".

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Peter Lind
"the BCPSEA claims that BCTF members rank fourth after taking into account such things as geography and labour-market considerations" Hilarious! BC is the most expensive province in Canada and the numbers clearly show BC teachers are at the bottom of the country in terms of salary. Top salaries in BC are nearly 20K less than Alberta and Ontario. BC teachers are also given less than half the prep time of their counterparts in the rest of the country.
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Lucas TdS
I'm a teacher and I totally agree with GOT. Sit it out... the Lieberals will lose the next election anyways. I'm honestly not even an NDP voter by nature on a lot of issues, but no sense negotiating with this government. It's a waste of time. The BCTF would do better for their members and their employers (that is, general public and their children) by running a public info campaign and then cheerfully teaching for the next year until the Liberals lose the election. Public support for the BC Liberals is falling.
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David Sandquist
Alexander, the teachers are not allowed to decide "if they are on strike, or not." The Liberals made teaching an essential service so teachers cannot simply walk off the job. Teachers are doing what the Labour Relations Board ruled they were allowed to do, while still maintaining the "essential service" of educating our children.
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Not Gary Dee
Hey Gary! Trolling are we? Do you kiss your mother with that mouth? Probably. I'll bet you still live with her. No shame in that. Be proud buddy. Anyhow, the CIA tried mind control experiments in Montreal in the 60's and they didn't work. I'm just saying... Would be totally cool though. They used LSD. Tried it? Bet you have:) I bet another thing you didn't notice was the irony of your comment. I'll whisper this... "you're whining too" . Don't worry, I won't tell.
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Elizabethc
Hey GaryDee,

Maybe you should know all the facts before reaming out educators and generalizing the way we teach based on what's currently happening. We already have to deal with the current issues in education, nevermind the ignorance of the public.
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james green
I am a former teacher with 20 years of experience and I am a former school trustee and I am shocked at the teachers and the government and the bargaining body.
All of you need to sit down and negotiate what cuts can be made in these bodies and in the BCTC and the local teachers unions including, all salaries of all parties involved in education. It is up to all involved to make the necessary cuts to operational expenses to ensure class size down,and that there are enough support for special needs etc.
Educating kids cannot be about the needs of the adults in the system. It is about all adults making all and any sacrifices necessary to ensure our children get the best. To teachers I say the profession is not about wages it is about a commitment to ensuring students get the best possible education no matter what you to give up to make this happen be it salary cuts, benefits cuts, professional days cut, whatever. To the minister I say cut as many jobs as possible in the ministry to allow more cash for classrooms. To trustees I say cut all out of classroom costs and put the money saved back into the classroom. To parents I say get busy fundraising for while you wait for these players to solve the problems your children suffer. We need to also do such things as firing 50% of our high paid principals and start a system for appointing one principal per 5 to 10 schools each principal instead of one principal per school. Same with VPs.
A common and somewhat applicable joke here is why don't principals look out of their office windows in the morning? Answer; if they did they would hav nothing to do in the afternoon.
School Boards need to sell some of the expensive school board offices and move into portables for example.
Overall, it is time for the adults who are responsible to live up to what the education is about; CHILDREN.
So sharpen your pencilsall and make the system work financially and in all other areas doe children and remember in this time of economic malaise no one in their right mind would consider more money for anyone in education and all new money would go to classrooms and children ie computers, teachers support staff, books, learning aids, training programs for teachers, food programs for children in poor neighbourhoods and more.
It is time for new thinking and a re commitment to children in this province.
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Taxpayers R Us
These teachers are so poor! They work 6 hours a day and 8 months out of the year and earn more than $47,000 to start. (Do the math to see what this would mean in a non-pampered job - well above $70,000 per year)

The teachers aren't to blame individually - it's what they do as a union that we get to swallow.
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lil'Tommy
TRU you obviously have absolutely no idea what a teacher does... you simply read the right-wing reactionist bible, drink the punch and spew these falsities...
Teachers are "in class/school" 6 hours a day, 8 months if they are lucky! you forget there is such a thing a summer school as well.
Teachers often and must work outside of school hours doing so much unseen work:
Planning, developing and organizing the instruction;
Housekeeping, recordkeeping, marking;
Managing students;
Presenting Subject material (here is the majority of your 6hrs);
Assessing Students Learning;
Meeting Obligations (like hall monitoring, club or groups sponsors, coaching)...

Basically teachers are expected to raise children...
http://712educators.about.com/od/teachingstrategies/tp/teaching_tasks.htm

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GOT
@James Green...I'm glad all your educational involvement is in the 'former' category; you obviously didn't learn much in your twenty years.
@Taxpayers R Us..."They work 6 hours a day and 8 months out of the year " ??? Where did you go to school? Or did you? Last time I checked, my child's teachers were putting in at least 10-12 hours a day, five to six days a week, not including some shifts on field trips where they are responsible for the kids 24/7, plus coaching in the evenings, tutoring kids before school and after, AND, out of their own pockets not infrequently being expected to buy the supplies necessary to do all that. And that's ten months of the year, not eight. That's a pampered job? Try it. By the way, I'm not a teacher, but I can remember my teachers from public school fifty years ago. They were as dedicated then as they are now, and I still thank my lucky stars that I had them when I needed them. Any 'government' that doesn't recognize the value of strong teaching - and do everything to make it possible for our children - should not be governing in the first place.
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bowser
@ Elizabethc, So If the public disagrees with you they suffer from "ignorance"??? Is that what you're teaching your students?? Sounds like you are the one who needs to learn, not your students.
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glen p robbins
There are alot of people employed in the political racket including media coverage who go round and round with problems, and never providing solutions particularly in those instances where solutions ought to be found.

I remember Mike Farnworth telling me that true polling could provide an advantage to the political system - so that opposing parties could use the material to work together on solutions, rather than simply publish them to support policy and or propaganda.

If BC Teachers are an essential service - if this is the assumption then we should hitch their wages to a fixed rate method - to avoid this empty cupboard except for our political pension bullshit.

For arguments sake 1% per year instituted every four years good or bad economy. Let's stop the con job called democracy and this is a good beginning.
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GOT
@bowser..."If the public disagrees with you they suffer from "ignorance"??? Is that what you're teaching your students?? Sounds like you are the one who needs to learn, not your students."

I'm assuming you imagine you're speaking for 'the public'? Regardless, 'ignorance' is fairly easily identified, and it usually has, as one of its characteristics, a tendency for its practitioner to sound...well...ignorant. People can be taught to be ignorant, but that's not normally done by teachers. It's done by right-wing politicians. Teachers teach critical thinking, whose practitioners rarely sound ignorant, although it is understood 'a priori' that they may have a well-founded basis for their points of view, and that their points of view may be different from those of others. That said, bowser, what IS your point of view?

@ glenn p robbins..."For arguments sake 1% per year instituted every four years good or bad economy...". Add cost of living to that to adjust for inflation and you're right - it would be a good beginning! But your point about 'essential services' requiring a different way of addressing fair remuneration is a good one. Otherwise it's a bit like the schoolyard bully saying "let's have a fair fight - starting with me tying one of your hands behind your back".
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